What are countries doing to reduce the imbalance in the distribution of health workers?
Countries are using several methods to regulate the imbalance in health worker distribution. Evidence from the 36 countries profiled in the progress report shows that countries are offering:
- financial incentives (Afghanistan, England, France, Hungary, India, Mozambique, Nepal, Thailand, Senegal and South Africa),
- continuing professional and career development opportunities (Australia, England, Hungary and Nepal),
- prolonged residencies, with mandatory periods of training in rural areas (Ghana, Mexico, Philippines, South Africa),
- other non-financial incentives – i.e. free housing, better diagnostic facilities, security, free access to health care (Mozambique, Nepal and Philippines).