Water Sanitation Health

Tracking national financial flows into sanitation, hygiene and drinking-water

GLAAS working paper


Publication details

Editors: WHO
Number of pages: 73
Publication date: 2012
Languages: English
WHO reference number: WHO/HSE/WSH/12.05



Effective financing for water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) is essential to accelerate and sustain services that could ultimately save two million lives per year. Inadequate monitoring and limited availability of financial data impede the ability of countries to assess progress and improve performance. An internationally agreed standard methodology for tracking financial flows to WASH at the national level does not exist at present. This working paper argues that developing such a common methodology is required and feasible. The objectives of this working paper are twofold:

  • to determine the state of the evidence on the monitoring and reporting of financial flows to the water, sanitation and hygiene sector at the national level;
  • if knowledge gaps are confirmed, to identify the key tenets of a methodological framework that could significantly improve our understanding of financial flows in the WASH sector and be rolled out in a large number of countries as part of UN-Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking-Water (GLAAS) 2014 and beyond.

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