Violence and Injury Prevention

Violence prevention

WHO prevention of violence work focuses on interpersonal violence: child maltreatment, youth violence, intimate partner violence, sexual violence and elder abuse. Globally, some 470 000 homicides occur each year and millions of people suffer violence-related injuries. Beyond death and injury, exposure to violence can increase the risk of smoking, alcohol and drug abuse; mental illness, anxiety disorders and suicidality; chronic diseases like heart disease, diabetes and cancer; infectious diseases such as HIV, and social problems such as crime and further violence. Interventions to address violence are delivered as part of a four-step public health approach that includes (1) defining the problem; (2) identifying causes and risk factors; (3) designing and testing interventions, and (4) increasing the scale of effective interventions.