Globally, armed violence has a substantial impact on the health of populations and hampers social and economic development. As a result, there is growing international momentum to place armed violence prevention into development agendas.
Publications and campaign materials
World report on violence and health, Chapter 2, Youth violence
- Guns, knives and pesticides: reducing access to lethal means
- Preventing violence and reducing its impact: How development agencies can help
WHO's armed violence prevention objectives are to:
- raise awareness of the immediate and long-term health consequences of armed violence
- highlight its preventability
- prioritize armed violence prevention in international and national health and development agendas
- reduce armed violence by supporting countries to increase capacity and establish direct and indirect prevention policies and programmes
- expand the global evidence base to cover more low- and middle-income countries.
WHO activities for the prevention of armed violence carried out by the Department of Violence and Injury Prevention and Disability currently cover:
Data collection and research
- The WHO Global Burden of Disease project includes estimates of deaths, morbidity, and Disabilty-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) due to self-directed, interpersonal and collective violence.
- The Global Burden of Armed Violence project includes estimates of deaths, morbidity, and DALYs due to self-directed, interpersonal and collective violence involving firearms and other weapons in conflict and non-conflict settings. WHO and other partners contribute to this Small Arms Survey project.
Policy, capacity and programme development
- WHO is working on the Armed Violence Prevention Programme (AVPP) with the United Nations Development Programme and several other UN agencies. AVPP focus countries currently include Guatemala, Jamaica and Kenya.
- WHO publishes and disseminates evidence on youth and armed violence prevention and campaign materials.
- WHO acts as the Secretariat of the Violence Prevention Alliance.