Health topics



Tularaemia is a disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis. It primarily affects mammals, commonly rodent species. Humans can become infected through bites from certain ticks and flies, through contact with the tissues or secretions of infected animals, through inhalation, by ingesting undercooked meat from infected animals or from drinking contaminated water. Laboratory-acquired infections have been documented. Symptoms and signs, which in humans usually develop 3–5 days after infection, depend on the route of infection. They may include fever, ulcers and swollen lymph nodes, eye inflammation, sore throat, pneumonia, or a severe, acute flu-like illness. Tularaemia can be treated with antibiotics