Intellectual property (IP) is the overall term for property in the creation of the mind, including inventions, literary and artistic works, but also images, and designs. There are two distinct categories of IP: copyright, which includes literary and artistic works and industrial property, which includes inventions protected by patents, trademarks, industrial designs, and geographical indications.
From a public health standpoint, the most relevant form of IP are patents, but other forms such as trademarks can also play a distinct role, for instance regarding labeling or International Nonproprietary Names (INN).
WHO programmes and activities
Intellectual property and health in WHO regions
Using TRIPS flexibilities to improve access to HIV treatment. Policy brief
- How to conduct patent searches for medicines: a step-by-step guide