WHO/CDC Global Health Professional Survey (GHPS)
The World Health Organization (WHO), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the Canadian Public Health Association (CPHA) developed the Global Health Professional Survey (GHPS) in 2004 to collect data on tobacco use and cessation counseling among health professional students.
Tobacco use among health professionals is of particular interest in the area of tobacco related surveillance since they are not only responsible for primary health care and education for tobacco related issues such as cessation and exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke, but are also role models in the community.
Furthermore, the preamble of the WHO FCTC emphasizes the role of health professional bodies in efforts to include tobacco control in the public health agenda and contribute actively to the reduction of tobacco consumption. These activities are also described in the Code of Practice for Health Professionals which has been officially adopted now by several Health Professional Associations worldwide.
The GHPS is a school-based survey of third-year students pursuing advanced degrees in dentistry, medicine, nursing and pharmacy. The GHPS uses a core questionnaire on demographics, prevalence of cigarette smoking and other tobacco use, knowledge and attitudes about tobacco use, exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke, willingness to stop smoking, and training received regarding patient counseling on smoking cessation techniques. The GHPS has a standardized methodology for selecting participating schools and classes and has uniform data processing procedures.
The GHPS pilot study consisted of 16 surveys conducted in ten countries in four health professional disciplines (dentistry, medicine, nursing and pharmacy) during the first quarter of 2005. The sample population were students from Albania (dental, medical, nursing, and pharmacy), Argentina (medical), Bangladesh (dental), Croatia (medical), Egypt (medical), Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (nursing), India (dental), the Philippines (pharmacy), the Republic of Serbia (dental, medical, and pharmacy), and Uganda (medical and nursing).