Protect people from exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke
The elimination of indoor smoking through the creation of 100% smoke-free environments is the only effective science-based measure to protect the population from the harmful effects of exposure to SHS, according to Article 8 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) and its guidelines.
- Article 8 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control
- Guidelines for implementation of Article 8 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control
Underlying considerations - international human rights instruments
Given the dangers of SHS, the duty to protect from tobacco smoke is grounded in fundamental human rights as outlined in the following international legal instruments:
- Constitution of the World Health Organization
- Convention on the Rights of the Child
- Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women
The right to life and the right to the highest attainable standard of health is also incorporated into the preamble of the WHO FCTC and recognized in the constitutions of many nations.
Implementation of Article 8 of the WHO FCTC should be guided by the following principles, which are contained in the WHO FCTC Article 8 guidelines:
- Effective protection is through the elimination of tobacco smoke. Ventilation has been shown to be ineffective.
- Protection should be universal.
- Protection needs to be legislated.
- Adequate resources for protection need to be planned.
- Support of civil society is important.
- Monitoring and evaluation are critical.
- Protection measures need to be updated regularly.