Enable and promote research
Programme-based operational research
The Stop TB Strategy consolidates DOTS implementation and involves the implementation of several new approaches to tackle challenges facing NTPs. To put them into practice, programme-based operational research should be a core component of NTP work. Designing and conducting locally relevant operational research can help identify problems, determine workable solutions, test them in the field and plan for scale up. For this purpose, collaboration between programme managers and researchers is essential. Acquiring basic skills in identifying and addressing issues related to programme operations and performance can help programme managers to initiate operational research in collaboration with researchers and academia. This could then help to sustain and strengthen TB control efforts by expanding existing activities and introducing new strategies effectively. For this purpose, sustainable partnerships and networks should be established for productive collaboration on operational research.