Tuberculosis (TB)


People living with HIV are from 26-31 times more likely to develop TB than persons without HIV. TB is the most common presenting illness among people living with HIV, including among those taking antiretroviral treatment and it is the major cause of HIV-related death. Sub-Saharan Africa bears the brunt of the dual epidemic, accounting for approximately 78% of the estimated burden in 2013.

Collaborative TB/HIV Activities

To address HIV-related TB WHO recommends a 12 point package of collaborative TB/HIV activities. These collaborative TB/HIV activities have the objectives of creating the mechanism of collaboration between TB and HIV programmes, reducing the burden of TB among people living with HIV and reducing the burden of HIV among TB patients. It is estimated that implementation of the collaborative TB/HIV activities from 2005 to 2011 saved 1.3 million lives but much more needs to be done to achieve universal access to these life-saving measures and to eliminate HIV-associated TB deaths.