Tuberculosis (TB)

Public-Private Mix (PPM) for TB Care and Control

Other resources 2002 and previous


Hurtig AK, Pande SB, Baral SC, Newell J, Porter JD, Bam DS. Linking private and public sectors in tuberculosis treatment in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. Health Policy Plan 2002;17(1):78-89. Abstract

Enwuru CA, Idigbe EO, Ezeobi NV, Otegbeye AF. Care-seeking behavioural patterns, awareness and diagnostic processes in patients with smear- and culture-positive pulmonary tuberculosis in Lagos, Nigeria. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2002 Nov-Dec;96(6):614-6. Abstract

Newell J. The implications for TB control of the growth in numbers of private practitioners in developing countries. Bull World Health Organ. 2002;80(10):836-7. Epub 2002 Nov 28. Abstract

Brown P. Private doctors must improve their treatment of tuberculosis, says WHO. BMJ. 2002 Dec 7;325(7376):1320. Abstract

Thomas C. A literature review of the problems of delayed presentation for treatment and non-completion of treatment for tuberculosis in less developed countries and ways of addressing these problems using particular implementations of the DOTS strategy. J Manag Med. 2002;16(4-5):371-400 Abstract

Rajeswari R, Chandrasekaran V, Suhadev M, Sivasubramaniam S, Sudha G, Renu G. Factors associated with patient and health system delays in the diagnosis of tuberculosis in South India. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2002 Sep;6(9):789-95 Abstract

Mills A, Brugha R, Hanson K, McPake B. What can be done about the private health sector in low-income countries? Bull World Health Organ. 2002;80(4):325-30. Article [pdf 73kb]

Rajeswari R, Balasubramanian R, Bose MS, Sekar L, Rahman F Private pharmacies in tuberculosis control--a neglected link. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2002 Feb;6(2):171-3. Abstract


Uplekar M, Pathania V, Raviglione M. Private practitioners and public health: weak links in tuberculosis control. Lancet 2001;358(9285):912-6. Abstract

Lönnroth K, Thuong LM, Linh PD, Diwan VK. Utilization of private and public health-care providers for tuberculosis symptoms in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Health Policy Plan 2001;16(1):47-54. Abstract

Lönnroth K, Tran TU, Thuong LM, Quy HT, Diwan V. Can I afford free treatment?: Perceived consequences of health care provider choices among people with tuberculosis in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Soc Sci Med 2001;52(6):935-48. Abstract

Murthy KJ, Frieden TR, Yazdani A, Hreshikesh P. Public-private partnership in tuberculosis control: experience in Hyderabad, India. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2001;5(4):354-9. Abstract

Nshuti L. Neuhauser D, Johnson JL, Adatu F. Whalen CC. Public and private providers' quality of care for tuberculosis patients in Kampala, Uganda. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2001;5:1006-12. Abstract


Uplekar M. Private health care. Soc Sci Med 2000;51(6):897-904 Abstract

Quelapio ID, Mira NRC, Abelada MR. Directly Observerd Therapy - Short-course (DOTS) at the Makati medical Center. The Philippine Journal of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 2000;29:80-86. Abstract [pdf 139kb]

Hurtig AK, Pande SB, Baral SC, Porter JD, Bam DS. Anti-tuberculosis treatment in private pharmacies, Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2000;4(8):730-6. Abstract

Lönnroth K, Lambregts K, Nhien DT, Quy HT, Diwan VK. Private pharmacies and tuberculosis control: a survey of case detection skills and reported anti-tuberculosis drug dispensing in private pharmacies in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2000;4(11):1052-9. Abstract

Hanson C, Kibuga D. Effective tuberculosis control and health sector reforms in Kenya: challenges of an increasing tuberculosis burden and opportunities through reform. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2000 Jul;4(7):627-32. Abstract


Netterop E, Wolffers I. The role of the privatisation process on tuberculosis control in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Soc Sci Med 1999; 48: 1589-98. Abstract

Olle-Goig JE, Cullity JE, Vargas R. A survey of prescribing patterns for tuberculosis treatment amongst doctors in a Bolivian city. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 1999; 3: 74-8. Abstract

Hong YP, Kim SJ, Lee EG, Lew WJ, Bai JY, Treatment of bacillary pulmonary tuberculosis at the chest clinics in the private sector in Korea, 1993. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 1999; 3: 695-702. Abstract

Zaw W, Sein W, Aung, TN et al. Case load and treatment outcome of pulmonary tuberculosis patients with DOTS strategy implemented by general practitioners in Shwepyitha township. Myanmar Medical Journal 1999; 43:8-12.

Lönnroth K, Thuong LM, Linh PD, Diwan VK. Delay and discontinuity--a survey of TB patients' search of a diagnosis in a diversified health care system. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 1999;3(11):992-1000. Abstract

Hurtig AK, Pande SB, Baral SC, Porter JD, Bam DS. Sputum examination for acid-fast bacilli in private laboratories, Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 1999;3(11):1009-14. Abstract


Uplekar M, Juvekar S, Morankar S, Rangan S, Nunn P. Tuberculosis patients and practitioners in private clinics in India. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 1998;2:324-329. Abstract

Singla N, Sharma PP, Singla R, Jain RC. Survey of knowledge attitudes and practice for tuberculosis among general practitioners in Delhi, India. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 1998; 2: 384-89. Abstract

Lönnroth K, Thuong LM, Linh PD, Diwan V. Risks and benefits of private health care: exploring physicians' views on private health care in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Health Policy 1998;45(2):81-97. Abstract

Jaramillo E. Pulmonary tuberculosis and health-seeking behaviour: how to get a delayed diagnosis in Cali, Colombia. Tropical Medicine and International Health 1998; 3: 138-44. Abstract


Arif K, Ali SA, Amanullah S, Siddiqui I, Khan JA, Nayani P. Physician compliance with national tuberculosis treatment guidelines: a university hospital study. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 1997; 2: 225-30. Abstract

Huebner RE, Moeti N, Binkin NJ, Rumisha DW. Survey of physician use of radiography and sputum smear microscopy for tuberculosis diagnosis and follow up in Botswana. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 1997; 1: 333-8. Abstract


Uplekar M, Juvenkar SD, Parande DB, Dalal et al. Tuberculosis management in private practice and its implications. Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, 1996; 43: 19-22. Abstract

Grover NK. Role of private practitioners in tuberculosis control in India. Journal of the Indian Medical Association, 1996; 94: 370-71. Abstract


Hong YP, Kwon DW, Kim SC et al. Survey of knowledge, attitudes and practices for tuberculosis among general practitioners. Tubercle and Lung Disease 1995; 76: 431-35. Abstract

Juvekar SK, Morankar DB, Dalal SG, et al. Social and operational determinants of patient behaviour in lung tuberculosis. Indian Journal of Tuberculosis 1995; 42: 87-94. Abstract


Uplekar MW, Rangan S. Private doctors and tuberculosis control in India. Tuber Lung Dis 1993;74(5):332-7. Abstract


Mori T, Shimao T, Byoung Won Jin, Sung Jin Kim. Analysis of case-finding process of tuberculosis in Korea. Tubercle and Lung Disease 1992; 73: 225-31. Abstract


Uplekar MW, Shepard DS. Treatment of tuberculosis by private general practitioners in India. Tubercle 1991;72(4):284-90. Abstract


Hong Kong Chest Service/British Medical Research Council. Survey of the previous investigation and treatment by private practitioners of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis attending government chest clinics in Hong Kong. Tubercl 1984; 65: 161-171. Abstract