Tuberculosis (TB)

Public-Private Mix (PPM) for TB Care and Control

Other Resources 2006 and onward


Lal SS, Sahu S, Wares F, Lönnroth K, Chauhan LS, Uplekar M.Intensified scale-up of public-private mix: a systems approach to tuberculosis care and control in India.Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2011 Jan;15(1):97-104. Abstract

Akhtar, S.; Rozi, S.; White, F.; Hasan, R.Cohort analysis of directly observed treatment outcomes for tuberculosis patients in urban Pakistan. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. Volume 15, Number 1, January 2011 , pp. 90-96(7) Abstract


Quelapio MI, Mira NR, Orillaza-Chi RB, Belen V, Muñez N, Belchez R, Egos GE, Evangelista M, Vianzon R, Tupasi TE.Responding to the multidrug-resistant tuberculosis crisis: mainstreaming programmatic management to the Philippine National Tuberculosis Programme.Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2010 Jun;14(6):751-7. Abstract

Probandari A, Lindholm L, Stenlund H, Utarini A, Hurtig AK.Missed opportunity for standardized diagnosis and treatment among adult Tuberculosis patients in hospitals involved in Public-Private Mix for Directly Observed Treatment Short-course Strategy in Indonesia: a cross-sectional study.BMC Health Serv Res. 2010 May 7;10(1):113. Abstract

Sutton BS.Evaluation of the public-private mix: how economics can contribute to tuberculosis control.Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2010 May;8(5):489-91. Free Article


Gidado M, Ejembi CL.Tuberculosis case management and treatment outcome: Assessment of the effectiveness of public - private mix of tuberculosis programme in Kaduna state, Nigeria.Ann Afr Med. 2009 Jan-Mar;8(1):25-31. Abstract

Dagli CE, Cetin TA, Hamit A, Yilmaz P, Gurdal Y, Ekrem G, Levent S, Abdullah D, Nurhan K.A. multicentre study of doctors' approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis in Turkey.J Infect Dev Ctries. 2009 Jun 1;3(5):357-64. Abstract

Krishnan N, Ananthakrishnan R, Augustine S, Vijayalakshmi NK, Gopi PG, Kumaraswami V, Narayanan PR. Impact of advocacy on the tuberculosis management practices of private practitioners in Chennai City, India. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2009 Jan;13(1):112-8. Abstract

Ahmed J, Ahmed M, Laghari A, Lohana W, Ali S, Fatmi Z. Public private mix model in enhancing tuberculosis case detection in District Thatta, Sindh, Pakistan. J Pak Med Assoc. 2009 Feb;59(2):82-6. Abstract Aggarwal JK, Chugh B.DOTS expansion under the umbrella of IMA: success story continues along with early teething difficulties.J Indian Med Assoc. 2009 Jul;107(7):453-5. Abstract

Chengsorn N, Bloss E, Anekvorapong R, Anuwatnonthakate A, Wattanaamornkiat W, Komsakorn S, Moolphate S, Limsomboon P, Kaewsa-ard S, Nateniyom S, Kanphukiew A, Varma JK.Tuberculosis services and treatment outcomes in private and public health care facilities in Thailand, 2004-2006.Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2009 Jul;13(7):888-94. Abstract

Vandan N, Ali M, Prasad R, Kuroiwa C.Assessment of doctors' knowledge regarding tuberculosis management in Lucknow, India: a public-private sector comparison.Public Health. 2009 Jul;123(7):484-9. Epub 2009 Jun 26. Abstract


Lagrada LP, Uehara N, Kawahara K. Analysis of factors of treatment completion in dots health facilities in metro Manila, Philippines: a case-control study. Kekkaku. 2008 Dec;83(12):765-72. Abstract

Kelkar-Khambete A, Kielmann K, Pawar S, Porter J, Inamdar V, Datye A, Rangan S.India's Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme: looking beyond detection and cure.Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2008 Jan;12(1):87-92. Abstract

Storla DG, Yimer S, Bjune GA.A systematic review of delay in the diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis. BMC Public Health. 2008 Jan 14;8:15. Abstract

Piryani RM, Kohli SC, Shrestha G, Rawat T.Tuberculosis diagnosed / managed at NGMC, Teaching Hospital, Kohalpur: a joint private-public effort.Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ). 2008 Jan-Mar;6(1):28-32. Abstract

Ten Asbroek AH, Bijlsma MW, Malla P, Shrestha B, Delnoij DM.The road to tuberculosis treatment in rural Nepal: A qualitative assessment of 26 journeys.BMC Health Serv Res. 2008 Jan 11;8:7. Abstract


Chugh S. Involvement of IMA in tuberculosis control.J Indian Med Assoc. 2007 Apr;105(4):198, 212. Abstract

Ferroussier O,Kumar M. K. A,Dewan P. K,Nair P. K. J, Sahu S,Wares D. F, Laserson K, Wells C, Granich R,ChauhanL. S.Cost and cost-effectiveness of a public-private mix project in Kannur District, Kerala, India, 2001–2002.INT J TUBERC LUNG DIS 2007 11(7):755–761.Abstract

Varma J K , Wiriyakitjar D ,Nateniyom S,Anuwatnonthakate A,Monkongdee P,Sumnapan S, Akksilp S,Sattayawuthipong W,Charunsuntonsri P,Rienthong S,Yamada N,Akarasewi P,Wells C D, Tapperoa JW.Evaluating the potential impact of the new Global Plan to Stop TB: Thailand, 2004–2005.Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2007;85:586–592. Abstract

Mahendradhata Y, Utarini A,Lazuardi U, Boelaert M, Stuyft P.Private practitioners and tuberculosis case detection in Jogjakarta, Indonesia: actual role and potential.Tropical Medicine & International Health, Volume 12, Number 10, October 2007 , pp. 1218-1224(7) Abstract

Barr D A.Ethics in public health research: a research protocol to evaluate the effectiveness of public-private partnerships as a means to improve health and welfare systems worldwide.Am J Public Health. 2007 Jan;97(1):19-25. Abstract

Ardian M,Meokbun E,Siburian L,Malonda E, Waramori G,Penttinen P,Lempoy J,Kenangalem E,Tjitra E,Kelly P.M.A public-private partnership for TB control in Timika,Papua Province, Indonesia. INT J TUBERC LUNG DIS 2007 11(10):1101–1107.Abstract

Lönnroth K, Tin-Aung, Win-Maung, Kluge H, Uplekar M. Social franchising of TB care through private general practitioners in Myanmar - an assessment of access, quality of care, equity, and financial protection Health Policy and Planning (in press) Abstract

Uplekar M, Lönnroth K. MDR and XDR: price of delaying engagement with all care providers for control of TB and TB/HIV. Trop Med Int Health 2007 (In press) Abstract

Karki DK, Mirzoev TN, Green AT, Newell JN, Baral SC. Costs of a successful public-private partnership for TB control in an urban setting in Nepal. BMC Public Health. 2007 May 18;7:84. Abstract

Mahendradhata Y, Lambert ML, Boelaert M, Van der Stuyft P. Editorial: Engaging the private sector for tuberculosis control: much advocacy on a meagre evidence base. Trop Med Int Health. 2007 Feb 5 Abstract

Irawati SR, Basri C, Arias MS, Prihatini S, Rintiswati N, Voskens J, Kimerling ME. Hospital DOTS linkage in indonesia: a model for DOTS expansion into government and private hospitals. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2007 Jan;11(1):33-9. Abstract

Selvam JM, Wares F, Perumal M, Gopi PG, Sudha G, Chandrasekaran V, Santha T. Health-seeking behaviour of new smear-positive TB patients under a DOTS programme in Tamil Nadu, India, 2003. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2007 Feb;11(2):161-7. Abstract

Greaves F, Ouyang H, Pefole M, MacCarthy S, Cash RA. Compliance with DOTS diagnosis and treatment recommendations by private practitioners in Kerala, India. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2007 Jan;11(1):110-2. Abstract


Dewan PK, Lal SS, Lönnroth K, Wares F, Uplekar M, Sahu S, Granich R, Chauhan LS. Public-Private Mix in India: Improving Tuberculosis Control Through Intersectoral Partnerships. BMJ 2006; 332: 574-8 Abstract

Floyd K, Arora VK, Murthy KJR, Lönnroth K, Singla N, Akbar Y, Zignol M, Uplekar M. Cost and cost-effectiveness of public and private sector collaboration in tuberculosis control: evidence from India. Bulletin of WHO 2006; 84: 437-45. Abstract

Salim MAH, Uplekar M, Declercq E, Aung M, Daru P, Lönnroth K. Turning liabilities into resources: the informal village doctors and TB control in Bangladesh. Bulletin of WHO 2006; 84: 479-84. Abstract

Maung M, Kluge H, Aye T, Maung W, Noe P, Zaw M, Jost S, Uplekar M, Lönnroth K. Private General Practitioners Contribute to TB Control in Myanmar - Evaluation of a Public-Private Mix Initiative in Mandalay Division. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2006; 10: 982-987 Abstract

Lönnroth K, Uplekar M, Blanc L. Hard gains through soft contracts - productive engagement of private providers in tuberculosis control. Bulletin of WHO 2006; 84: 876-83. Abstract

Balasubramanian R, Rajeswari R, Vijayabhaskara RD, Jaggarajamma K, Gopi PG, Chandrasekaran V, Narayanan PR. A rural public-private partnership model in tuberculosis control in south India. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Dec; 10: 1380-5. Abstract

Sisodia RS, Wares DF, Sahu S, Chauhan LS, Zignol M. Source of retreatment cases under the revised national TB control programme in Rajasthan, India, 2003. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Dec;10(12):1373-9 Abstract

Malmborg R, Mann G, Thomson R, Squire SB. Can public-private collaboration promote tuberculosis case detection among the poor and vulnerable? Bull World Health Organ. 2006 Sep;84(9):752-8. Abstract

Hopewell PC, Pai M, Maher D, Uplekar M, Raviglione MC. International standards for tuberculosis care. Lancet Infect Dis. 2006 Nov;6(11):710-25. Review. Abstract

Shimeles E, Aseffa A, Yamuah L, Tilahun H, Engers H. Knowledge and practice of private practitioners in TB control in Addis Ababa. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Oct;10(10):1172-7. Abstract

Quimbo SA. Enhancing the private provision of care through premiums for ability: the case of tuberculosis care in the Philippines. Health Econ. 2006 Nov;15(11):1237-44. Abstract

Fochsen G, Deshpande K, Diwan V, Mishra A, Diwan VK, Thorson A. Health care seeking among individuals with cough and tuberculosis: a population-based study from rural India. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Sep;10(9):995-1000. Abstract

Watkins RE, Feeney KT, Bakar OA, Plant AJ. Joining the DOTS in Bali: private practitioners' perceptions of tuberculosis control. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Sep;10(9):988-94. Abstract

Sinanovic E, Kumaranayake L. Sharing the burden of TB/HIV? Costs and financing of public-private partnerships for tuberculosis treatment in South Africa. Trop Med Int Health. 2006 Sep;11(9):1466-74. Abstract

Sinanovic E, Kumaranayake L. Quality of tuberculosis care provided in different models of public-private partnerships in South Africa. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Jul;10(7):795-801. Abstract

Sinanovic E, Kumaranayake L. Financing and cost-effectiveness analysis of public-private partnerships: provision of tuberculosis treatment in South Africa. Cost Eff Resour Alloc. 2006 Jun 6;4:11. Abstract

Munsiff SS, Ahuja SD, Li J, Driver CR. Public-private collaboration for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis control in New York City. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Jun;10(6):639-48. Abstract

Tobgay KJ, Sarma PS, Thankappan KR. Predictors of treatment delays for tuberculosis in Sikkim. Natl Med J India. 2006 Mar-Apr;19(2):60-3. Abstract

Peltzer K, Mngqundaniso N, Petros G. A controlled study of an HIV/AIDS/STI/TB intervention with traditional healers in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. AIDS Behav. 2006 Nov;10(6):683-90. Abstract

Rojpibulstit M, Kanjanakiritamrong J, Chongsuvivatwong V. Patient and health system delays in the diagnosis of tuberculosis in Southern Thailand after health care reform. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Apr;10(4):422-8. Abstract

Khan JA, Akbani F, Malik A, Kazi GN, Aslam F, Hussain SF. Effect of providing free sputum microscopy service to private practitioners on case notification to National Tuberculosis Control Program. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2005 Oct-Dec;17(4):31-5. Abstract

Krishnan A, Kapoor SK. Involvement of private practitioners in tuberculosis control in Ballabgarh, Northern India. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Mar;10(3):264-9. Abstract

Ouedraogo M, Kouanda S, Boncoungou K, Dembele M, Zoubga ZA, Ouedraogo SM, Coulibaly G. Treatment seeking behaviour of smear-positive tuberculosis patients diagnosed in Burkina Faso. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Feb;10(2):184-7. Abstract

Uchiyama Y, Mao TE, Okada K, Chay S, Kou Soum M, Leng C. An assessment survey of anti-tuberculosis drug management in Cambodia. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Feb;10(2):153-9. Abstract

Roy SK, Roy SK, Bagchi S, Bajpayee A, Pal R, Biswas R. Study of KAP of the private medical practitioners about national disease control programmes. Indian J Public Health. 2005 Oct-Dec;49(4):256-7. Abstract

Anuradha B, Aparna S, Hari Sai Priya V, Vijaya Lakshmi V, Akbar Y, Suman Latha G, Murthy KJ. Prevalence of drug resistance under the DOTS strategy in Hyderabad, South India, 2001-2003. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Jan;10(1):58-62. Abstract

Sheikh K, Porter J, Kielmann K, Rangan S. Public-private partnerships for equity of access to care for tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS: lessons from Pune, India. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2006 Apr;100(4):312-20. Epub 2006 Jan 24. Abstract

Zafar Ullah AN, Newell JN, Ahmed JU, Hyder MK, Islam A. Government-NGO collaboration: the case of tuberculosis control in Bangladesh. Health Policy Plan. 2006 Mar;21(2):143-55. Epub 2006 Jan 24. Abstract

Kiwuwa MS, Charles K, Harriet MK. Patient and health service delay in pulmonary tuberculosis patients attending a referral hospital: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2005 Nov 24;5:122. Abstract

Lambert ML, Delgado R, Michaux G, Volz A, Speybroeck N, Van Der Stuyft P. Delays to treatment and out-of-pocket medical expenditure for tuberculosis patients, in an urban area of South America. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2005 Dec;99(8):781-7. Abstract