Sexual and reproductive health

First global estimates of annual number of neonatal herpes cases

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31 January 2017 - Neonatal herpes is a rare but potentially devastating complication of genital herpes during pregnancy, which can cause brain damage, breathing problems, seizures and even death. Neonatal herpes infection can occur when an infant is exposed to herpes simplex virus types 1 or 2 (HSV-1 or HSV-2) in a woman’s genital tract during birth. For the first time, researchers from WHO, the University of Bristol, and the University of Washington have published in new estimates The Lancet Global Health that aim to evaluate the approximate global burden of this disease.

WHO launches new treatment guidelines for chlamydia, gonorrhoea and syphilis

30 August 2016: More than 1 million sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are acquired every day worldwide. STIs present a major burden of disease and negatively affect people’s well-being across the globe. Chlamydia, gonorrhoea and syphilis are three STIs which are all caused by bacteria and which can potentially be cured by antibiotics. Unfortunately, these STIs often go undiagnosed and due to antibiotic resistance, they are also becoming increasingly difficult to treat.

New estimates highlight need for the antibiotic that can cure maternal and congenital syphilis across world

19 July 2016: Pregnant women who have been diagnosed with syphilis can be cured with an injection of benzathine penicillin, a type of antibiotic which can kill the bacteria and which can also prevent mother-to-child transmission of this infection (congenital syphilis). Newly published evidence shows however, that shortages of benzathine penicillin have been reported by countries where there is high number of pregnant women and infants infected with syphilis.

Mother-to-child transmission of syphilis decreasing but mortality and morbidity remain high

19 July 2016: Syphilis is a bacterial infection caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum, and can be transmitted sexually or from mother to child during pregnancy. Left untreated, syphilis can lead to catastrophic fetal outcomes in the second or third trimesters of pregnancy. New 2012 estimates, based on 2008-2012 data, are now available, published in an open access Lancet article. The findings show that in 2012, an estimated 930 000 maternal syphilis infections caused 350 000 adverse pregnancy outcomes including 143 000 early fetal deaths and stillbirths, 62 000 neonatal deaths, 44 000 preterm or low weight births, and 102 000 infected infants worldwide.

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

fact buffet

Sexually Transmitted Infections

1 millionMore than 1 million sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are acquired every day worldwide.

Fact sheet on STIs

1 of 4 STIs

357 million Each year, there are an estimated 357 million new infections with 1 of 4 STIs: chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis and trichomoniasis.

Fact sheet on STIs

Major threat

Drug resistanceDrug resistance, especially for gonorrhoea, is a major threat to reducing the impact of STIs worldwide.

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Monitoring & estimates of STIs


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