Sexual and reproductive health

August 18, 2014 marked the 500-day milestone until the target date to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)

A pregnant young woman has her height measured in a peripheral health unit, Sierra Leone
UNICEF/Olivier Asselin

With fewer than 500 days to the deadline of the MDGs, much remains to be done to achieve MDGs 4 and 5, aimed at reducing child and maternal deaths and improving maternal health. WHO Director-General Margaret Chan said, “We should judge the progress in humanity and the progress of any society or country by the way they treat their women and children. They have been lagging behind in the last 20 to 30 years of development. We should give them special attention.” Jason Gale of Bloomberg News speaks with Dr Margaret Chan and Dr Flavia Bustreo about the need to further accelerate progress.

Millennium Development Goal 5

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were set at the 2000 Millennium Summit to accelerate global progress in development. Sexual and reproductive health is a prerequisite of all goals, particularly those related to gender and health. Progress is monitored through achievement of two targets and their associated indicators for monitoring under MDG 5.

TARGET 5A: Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio

An auxiliary nurse and midwife provides health services to a pregnant woman in Rajasthan, India
Photoshare/RN Mittal

5.1 Maternal mortality ratio
5.2 Proportion of deliveries attended by skilled health personnel

TARGET 5.B. Achieve, by 2015, universal access to reproductive health

Mothers and Infants at Primary Health Centre, Madagascar
UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe

5.3 Contraceptive prevalence rate
5.4 Adolescent birth rate
5.5 Antenatal care coverage
5.6 Unmet need for family planning

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