Sexual and reproductive health

New guidance for the prevention and control of cervical cancer

HPV vaccination of adolescent girls in a school, Brazil.
HPV Vaccination in Sao Paulo Brazil. March 2014

Cervical cancer is one of the world’s deadliest – but most easily preventable – forms of cancer for women, responsible for more than 270 000 deaths annually, 85% of which occur in developing countries. The new guidance being at the World Cancer Leaders’ Summit in Melbourne, Australia on 3 December 2014 could mean the difference between life and death for girls and women worldwide.

Revised WHO position on human papillomavirus vaccines

WHO/C. McNab

24 October 2014 - In an updated position paper published today, WHO revised the number of doses recommended for human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines for different age groups.

WHO reiterates its recommendation that HPV vaccines should be included in national immunization programmes, provided that: prevention of cervical cancer and other HPV-related diseases constitutes a public health priority; vaccine introduction is programmatically feasible; sustainable financing can be secured; and the cost-effectiveness of vaccination strategies in the country or region is considered.

New guidelines on screening and treatment for cervical cancer

For the first time WHO is issuing recommendations, based on the available evidence, on the use of a screen and treat approach using visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) for screening and treatment with cryotherapy, or when feasible HPV testing followed by treatment. These recommendations are published in the new WHO guidelines for screening and treatment of precancerous lesions for cervical cancer prevention.

Scaling-up services for cervical cancer prevention and control in low income countries is achievable

Women completing registration for cervical cancer screening in Uganda
Eric Lucas/IARC

A demonstration project led by WHO in six African countries in collaboration with the Ministries of Health and the International Agency for Research on Cancer showed the feasibility of integrating visual inspection with acetic acid followed by cryotherapy as a “see and treat” approach to prevent and control cervical cancer in primary health care and reproductive health services. As a result each country involved has presented and started to implement a budgeted plan to scale-up these services nationwide.

Prevention and control of cervical cancer

Document centre

Mongolia: institutionalizing cervical cancer screening in primary health care