Solar ultraviolet radiation: Global burden of disease from solar ultraviolet radiation
Environmental Burden of Disease Series, No. 13
Human exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation has important public health implications. Evidence of harm associated with overexposure to UV has been demonstrated in many studies. Skin cancer and malignant melanoma are among the most severe health effects, but a series of other health effects have been identified. The current report provides a quantification of the global disease burden associated with UV. The information presented forms a knowledge base for the prevention of adverse effects of UV exposure that is achievable with known and accessible interventions. UV prevention focuses on protecting the skin and other organs from UV radiation. On the other hand, a moderate degree of UV exposure is necessary for the production of Vitamin D which is essential for bone health. Additionally, evidence emerges that low Vitamin D levels are likely to be associated with other chronic diseases. Thus, public health policy on ultraviolet radiation needs to aim at preventing the disease burden associated both with excessive and with insufficient UV exposure.
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Table of contents, Preface, Acknowledgements, Summary, Chapters 1 to 8, References
Annex 1: Literature Review
Annex 2: Epidemiologic studies used for estimation of population attributable fraction and descriptive studies of disease distribution
Annex 3: Disease worksheets
Annex 4: WHO subregions by latitude, Annex 5: Distribution of skin pigmentation, Annex 6: Estimation of disease incidence/prevalence for diseases with scanty epidemiological data
Annex 7: Summary results for the year 2000
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