Quantifying environmental health impacts

Definition of the modifiable environment

Nigel Bruce/WHO
Smoke from combustion of solid fuels

A definition of the modifiable environment for measuring the environmental impact on health includes:

  • Air, soil & water pollution with chemicals or biological agents
  • Ultraviolet and ionizing radiation
  • Built environment
  • Noise, electromagnetic fields
  • Occupational risks
  • Agricultural methods, irrigation schemes
  • Anthropogenic climate changes, ecosystem degradation
  • Individual behaviors related to the environment, such as hand-washing, food contamination with unsafe water or dirty hands