Health and the next global development agenda
UN post-2015 process
The United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have served as a shared framework for global action and cooperation on development since 2000. They set specific targets to be reached by 2015 on poverty alleviation, education, gender equality, child and maternal health, environmental stability, HIV/AIDS reduction and a global partnership for development. As the world approaches 2015, the overall target date for achieving the MDGs, thinking has begun on how to advance the global development agenda beyond 2015.
To support this effort, the UN Secretary-General introduced several initiatives: a UN System Task Team on the Post-2015 UN Development Agenda, a High-level Panel of Eminent Persons on the Post-2015 Development Agenda — co-chaired by the Presidents of Indonesia and Liberia and the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom with members including leaders from the private sector, academia, civil society as well as local authorities — and his own Special Advisor on Post-2015 Development Planning. These processes have been complemented by a set of 11 global thematic consultations and national consultations in more than 60 countries facilitated by the United Nations Development Group.
Further information on the global conversation on the post-2015 development agenda can be found at the “World We Want 2015” website, which is jointly owned by UN agencies and civil society organizations.
Sustainable development goals
One of the main outcomes of the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20), held in Rio de Janeiro in June 2012, was the agreement by Member States to launch a process to develop a set of sustainable development goals (SDGs). Rio+20 did not elaborate specific goals but stated that the SDGs should be limited in number, aspirational and easy to communicate. The goals should address in a balanced way all three dimensions of sustainable development and be coherent with and integrated into the UN development agenda beyond 2015. A 30-member Open Working Group (OWG) of the General Assembly is tasked with preparing a proposal on the SDGs.
There has been broad agreement that this process should be closely linked with the UN post-2015 development agenda process, and that both should ultimately converge into one global development framework beyond 2015 with sustainable development at its core.