Impact of maternal and child health on economic growth:
New evidence based Granger causality and DEA analysis
Author(s): Arshia Amiria, Ulf-G Gerdthamb
Editor/Publisher: The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health (PMNCH)
Number of pages: 30
Date of publication: March
The health of women, mothers and children is fundamental to development, as reflected in Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 4 (reducing child mortality) and 5 (improving maternal health and achieving universal access to reproductive health). Significant additional investments are needed to achieve MDGs 4 and 5 and to improve women’s and children’s health beyond the MDG target date of 2015. Demonstrating the broader societal returns of investment in women’s and children’s health can be a critical tool in mobilizing additional resources. Economic arguments may resonate particularly well with certain stakeholders who influence investment decisions, such as Ministries of Finance, parliamentarians, bilateral and multilateral donors, and global and regional development banks.
To support global, regional and national advocacy for increasing resources, demand has been expressed by members of the Partnership of Maternal, Newborn & Child Health (PMNCH) and the broader reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health (RMNCH) community for the synthesis, and if necessary, the generation of evidence on the economic benefits of investing in RMNCH. To achieve this, a work program has been established under the auspices of PMNCH. The work program includes a systematic literature review, an econometric study of the relationship between RMNCH outcomes and economic growth, the development of a framework/model for estimating the national economic returns of investment in RMNCH, and technical consultations.
The objectives of this study are: (i) to examine whether there are relationships between maternal and child health outcomes and economic growth in different countries at different income levels, and, given such relationships, (ii) to estimate the direction and magnitude of these relationships.