Success Factors for Women’s and Children’s Health: Multisector Pathways to Progress


Country multistakeholder policy reviews

Country multistakeholder policy reviews were conducted in 10 selected low- and middle- income countries that are on the ‘fast track’ to achieving MDGs 4 and 5a. The primary objective of the reviews was to identify factors both within and outside the health sector that have contributed to reductions in maternal and child mortality – focusing on how improvements were made, and emphasizing policy and programme management best practices.


Success Factors for Women’s and Children’s Health: Policy and programme highlights from 10 fast-track countries

Some low- and middle-income countries are accelerating progress towards Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 4 and 5 (to improve maternal and child health). How have they done this? And why, with similar resources, have others struggled to make progress? These questions strike at the heart of how countries can accelerate progress to achieve the MDGs and shape transformative strategies for 2015 and beyond. To find answers, the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health, World Health Organization, World Bank and Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research closely collaborated with governments, academic institutions and other partners on a three-year series of multidisciplinary studies on “Success Factors for Women’s and Children’s Health”.

Analysing 20 years of data from 144 low- and middle-income countries, the studies included multistakeholder policy reviews in 10 countries that are on the fast-track to reducing maternal and child mortality ahead of comparable countries. The 10 countries are: Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Egypt, Ethiopia, Lao PDR, Nepal, Peru, Rwanda and Viet Nam. This publication highlights some of their key achievements, and flags up promising strategies for the future.

The full country reports on which the highlights are based can be found for each country below.


Bangladesh

26 APRIL 2014 | DHAKA, BANGLADESH

A multistakeholder review of success factors contributing to country progress on the health of women and children in Bangladesh was conducted to identify key enabling factors contributing to the improvements observed over the past 40 years. The review process was led by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and coordinated and supported by the WHO country office with technical assistance provided by the Centre for Child and Adolescent Health (CCAH) at icddr,b and BRAC Institute of Global Health (BIGH).


Cambodia

1 APRIL 2014 | PHNOM PENH, CAMBODIA

Cambodia is ‘on track’ to achieve MDGs 4 and 5a. The success factor multistakeholder policy review built on national review processes, such as Joint Annual Programme Reviews but looked in more detail at how results have been achieved – with an emphasis on the overarching policy and management best practices both within the health sector and in health-enhancing investments in sectors outside of health.


China

23 APRIL 2014 | BEIJING, CHINA

How has China made such rapid progress in meeting its national MDGs for maternal and child mortality; what challenges remain; and how can China’s policy story be documented and shared, both inside China and globally? These were the questions considered by a multi-stakeholder group of leading maternal and child health experts at a recent consultation workshop in Beijing supported by PMNCH.


Egypt

25 JUNE 2014 | CAIRO, EGYPT

Egypt is one of 10 ‘fast track’ countries that is making progress to achieve MDGs 4 (to reduce child mortality) and 5a (to reduce maternal mortality). A multistakeholder policy review was undertaken on 25th June to examine and gain consensus on the key factors contributing to progress in women’s and children’s health in Egypt. The review was conducted in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and brought together health and development partners.


Ethiopia

27 MARCH 2014 | ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA

The multistakeholder meeting and in-country process for Ethiopia’s Success Factor review was supported by the Ministry of Health, and was undertaken in collaboration with country partners from the health sector and sectors outside of health. The review engaged over 40 stakeholders and sought to draw lessons on Ethiopia’s accelerated progress towards reducing preventable maternal and child mortality.


Lao PDR

20 FEBRUARY 2014 | VIENTIANE, LAO PDR

The Ministry of Health (MoH) in Lao PDR considers the Success Factor Analysis to be an important part of its strategy to use data to track progress towards achieving the MDGs and to inform strategic planning to 2015 and beyond. The success factor analysis looks in more at how results have been achieved – with an emphasis on the overarching policy and management best practices both within the health sector and in health-enhancing investments in sectors outside of health.


Nepal

21 MARCH 2014 | KATHMANDU, NEPAL

A national consultative stakeholder’s workshop in Nepal brought together the Ministry of Health and Population, various actors from the government health sector, government non-health sector, National Planning Commission, UN agencies, INGOs and NGOs to discuss what factors have enabled Nepal’s success in reducing maternal and child deaths.


Peru

26-27 MARCH 2014 | LIMA, PERU

A two day Success Factors workshop brought together 60 participants to review and discuss the role of various sectors in the success of health and poverty alleviation in Peru and to analyse gaps and priority areas for improvement.


Rwanda

28 FEBRUARY 2014 | KIGALI, RWANDA

The Ministry of Health (MoH) in Rwanda considered the Success Factor analysis and multistakeholder review process to be an important part of documenting its progress towards achieving MDGs 4 and 5. It will inform Rwanda’s Countdown analysis and strategic planning for post-2015.


Viet Nam

MAY 2014, HA NOI, VIET NAM

The success factor policy review builds on reviews of MDG progress in Viet Nam including Health-related Millennium Development Goals Viet Nam, 2013: Equity Analysis and Our Voices, Our Future: Consolidated Report on Viet Nam’s Post-2015 Consultation Process. The review looks in detail at how results have been achieved – with an emphasis on the overarching policy and management best practices both within the health sector and in health-enhancing investments in sectors outside of health. The multi-stakeholder review process was supported by WHO and the Ministry of Health.

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Country multistakeholder reviews