Assessment of iodine deficiency disorders and monitoring their elimination
A guide for programme managers, Second edition
This document is intended primarily for managers of national programmes for the prevention and control of micronutrient malnutrition.
It sets out principles governing the use of surveillance indicators in implementing the recommended intervention - salt iodization - to prevent, control, and monitor the epidemiology of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD). It also presents guidelines on the procedures for monitoring salt iodine content, whether at the factory, importation site, or household level.
Also included are recommendations on methods for monitoring iodine status and determining urinary iodine, and on the characteristics and criteria for selection of clinical and biochemical indicators, age and physiological groups, and survey sample size.
Finally, indicators are presented for monitoring progress towards achieving the goal of sustainable elimination of IDD as a significant public health problem.