Nutrient requirements for people living with HIV/AIDS
Report of a technical consultation, 13-15 May 2003, Geneva, Switzerland
The HIV/AIDS epidemic is having a devastating impact on health, nutrition, food security and overall socioeconomic development in countries that have been most seriously affected by the disease. There is thus an urgent need for renewed focus on nutrition as a fundamental part of a comprehensive package of care for people living with HIV/AIDS.
The epidemic is occurring mostly in populations where malnutrition is already endemic. As an urgent priority, therefore, greater political, financial and technical support is needed to improve dietary quality to recommended levels. In addition, focused evidence-based nutrition interventions should be part of all national AIDS control and treatment programmes.
Action and investment to improve nutrition needs to be based on sound scientific evidence, and programmatic and clinical experience with the prevention, treatment and management of HIV/AIDS and related infections. Although there are gaps in scientific knowledge, much can be done based on existing information, which is summarized in this report, to improve the health, nutrition and quality of care for people living with HIV/AIDS.