Neglected tropical diseases

Other neglected zoonotic diseases

More than 200 zoonotic diseases

There are over 200 zoonotic diseases. Disease that fall into this category include for example anthrax, brucellosis, bovine tuberculosis and leptospirosis. There is also growing evidence of the importance of zoonotic causes of nonmalarial febrile illness. The World Health Organization acknowledges that several neglected zoonotic diseases merit attention, and targets its resources to address echinococcosis, taeniasis/cysticercosis, foodborne trematodiases, human rabies transmitted by dogs, zoonotic human African trypanosomiasis, zoonotic Leishmaniasis and zoonotic schistosomiasis.

Addressing this group of diseases requires collaborative, cross-sectoral efforts of human and animal health systems and a multidisciplinary approach that considers the complexities of the ecosystems where humans and animals coexist. WHO’s activities for the control of neglected zoonotic diseases occur within the larger context of the efforts to address health risks at the human–animal–ecosystems interface, which require reciprocal communication and collaboration among the sectors responsible for human health, animal health and the environment.