Neglected tropical diseases

Vector Ecology and Management (VEM)

Vector-borne diseases (VBDs) account for 16 % of the estimated global burden of communicable diseases

Vector control is an important component in the prevention and control of VBDs, especially for transmission control. VEM, as a cross-cutting activity, develops and promotes strategies, guidelines and standards for vector control, including sound managment of pesticides. VEM promotes integrated vector management to improve efficacy, cost-effectiveness, ecological soudness and sustainability of vector control interventions for VBD control. VEM goal, objectives and strategies

Integrated Vector Management (IVM)

IVM is a rational decision-making process for the optimal use of resources for vector control

The approach seeks to improve the efficacy, cost-effectiveness, ecological soundness and sustainability of vector control interventions for vector-borne disease control.

The ultimate goal is to prevent the transmission of vector-borne diseases such as malaria, dengue, Japanese encephalitis, leishmaniasis, schistosomiasis and Chagas disease.

Vector Control Advisory Group on new tools (VCAG)

The World Health Organization (WHO) Vector Control Advisory Group (VCAG) on new tools serves as an advisory body to WHO on new forms of vector control for malaria and other vector-borne diseases. This advisory group was jointly established by the Global Malaria Programme and the Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases.

VCAG aims to support the control and elimination of vector-borne diseases by providing a pathway forward for novel forms of vector control.


Dengue is fast emerging pandemic-prone viral disease in many parts of the world

Dengue flourishes in urban poor areas, suburbs and the countryside but also affects more affluent neighbourhoods in tropical and subtropical countries. Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral infection causing a severe flu-like illness and, sometimes causing a potentially lethal complication called severe dengue. The incidence of dengue has increased 30-fold over the last 50 years. Up to 50-100 million infections are now estimated to occur annually in over 100 endemic countries, putting almost half of the world’s population at risk. Read more on dengue

VEM Headlines

Latest news !

2–4 November 2016 | Geneva
Fifth Annual VCAG meeting, WHO HQ, Geneva. VCAG members and invited experts will meet to review and provide guidance on policy development pathways for new vector control tools and approaches. The meeting will be divided into Open and Closed working sessions.
Select observers may apply to the Secretariat to attend the Open Sessions at

18 August 2016 | Geneva

Call for applications to serve on WHO’s Vector Control Advisory Group (VCAG)
Deadline: 10 September 2016

18 March 2016 | Geneva
WHO Vector Control Advisory Group recommendations for emergency response and preparedness for Zika virus.
Following the outbreak of Zika virus disease in many parts of the world, the WHO Advisory Group on Vector Control (VCAG) held an extraordinary meeting on 14−15 March in Geneva, Switzerland to review five potential vector control tools and existing tools.

03 March 2016 | Geneva
Handbook − Vector Surveillance and Control at Ports, Airports, and Ground Crossings

16–18 October 2015 | Geneva
Fourth Meeting of the WHO Vector Control Advisory Group held in Geneva Switzerland