Mental health

Who is Where, When, doing What (4Ws) in Mental Health and Psychosocial Support

Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Reference Group on Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergency Settings

Publication details

Number of pages: 20
Publication date: 2012
Languages: English
ISBN: 978-9953-0-2496-7



Humanitarian actors in emergencies often encounter challenges in knowing Who is Where, When, doing What (4Ws) with regard to mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS). 4Ws tools are used in many areas of aid to map activities conducted across large geographical areas. This document presents a 4Ws tool to map MHPSS activities in humanitarian settings across sectors.

This tool for is useful for the following: providing a big picture of the size and nature of the MHPSS response; identifying gaps in the MHPSS response to enable coordinated action; enabling referral by making information available about who is where, when, doing what; informing appeal processes; improving transparency and legitimacy of MHPSS through a common language and structured documentation; and improving possibilities for reviewing patterns of practice and for drawing lessons for future response.