Organization of services for mental health
WHO mental health policy and service guidance package
Mental health services make it possible to deliver effective interventions. The way these services are organized has an important bearing on their effectiveness and the ultimate fulfilment of the aims and objectives of national mental health policies. This module begins with a description and analysis of the current forms of mental health service organisation found around the world. The current status of service organisation is reviewed and recommendations are made for organising mental health services, based on an optimal mix of a variety of services. The main recommendations are to integrate mental health services into general health care systems; develop formal and informal community mental health services; and promote and implement deinstitutionalization once alternative services are in place.
It is part of the WHO Mental Health Policy and Service Guidance Package, which provides technical support on the different aspects of policy, planning and service development for mental health in countries. The package consists of a series of interrelated user-friendly modules designed to address the wide variety of needs and priorities in policy development and service planning. Each module addresses a core aspect of mental health.