Mental health

Reducing the availability of alcohol

Question 8: Is reducing the availability of alcohol effective in reducing deaths from suicide, suicide attempts and acts of self-harm?

Management of self harm and suicide

  • Population: total population in the country
  • Interventions: alcohol restrictions, changes in alcohol policy (restriction are different by countries)
  • Comparison: periods before, during and after changes in alcohol policy
  • Outcomes: reduction in suicidal behaviours.


At the population level, policies to reduce harmful use of alcohol should be developed as a component of a comprehensive suicide prevention strategy, particularly within populations with high prevalence of alcohol use.
Strength of recommendation: STRONG

Evidence profile