Mental health

Pharmacological interventions for anxiety disorders in children and adolescents

Question 12: In children and adolescents with anxiety disorders what is the effectiveness and safety, considering system issues in low- and middle-income countries, of using pharmacological interventions in non-specialist settings?

Management of child and adolescent mental disorders

  • Population: children with anxiety disorders
  • Interventions: pharmacological interventions
  • Comparison: placebo
  • Outcomes:
    • symptom reduction
    • overall performance at school
    • family functioning
    • adverse effects
    • improvement in physical health
    • user and family satisfaction
    • reduction in risk behaviour.


Pharmacological interventions should not be considered in children and adolescents with anxiety disorders in non-specialist settings.
Strength of recommendation: STANDARD

Evidence profile