On 15-16 December 2014, WHO will host a meeting for the joint review of the clinical trial application for the Phase II clinical trial of the ChAd3 Ebola vaccine. Present at the meeting will be representatives from the manufacturer of the vaccine, GlaxoSmithKline, from the national medicines regulatory authorities and ethics committees of the countries in Africa where conducting Phase II trial of this vaccine are being considered (Cameroon, Ghana, Mali, Nigeria and Senegal) and of those countries most affected by the outbreak (Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone). Also in attendance to provide technical assistance, when requested, will be experts from vaccine regulatory agencies in Canada, the European Union, Switzerland, and the United States of America.
An international meeting held in Oslo, Norway, on 13-14 November, focused on the responsible use of antibiotics and other anti-infection medicines to curb rising resistance in humans to these important public health tools. Participants from over 20 countries reasserted the shared responsibility of all countries and all sectors in fighting this silent but dangerous epidemic. The countries agreed on a series of strategies and interventions to promote better use of antimicrobials, including advocacy efforts and improving efficiencies within the health system. The meeting, organised by the Government of Norway, in collaboration with WHO/EMP, was part of the consultation process for the finalisation and endorsement WHO’ global plan of action on antimicrobial resistance.
Ebola specific prevention and treatment tools do not exist at the moment. In response to the severity and breadth of the current epidemic in West Africa, WHO has been spearheading efforts to galvanize the research and development of vaccines, treatments and diagnostics to curb the outbreak and ensure that these tools, if safe and effective, are also available for potential future outbreaks. To that end, WHO has convened the affected countries, donor and scientific communities, civil society and industry to gather the best evidence available and garner support for accelerated development and testing of the most promising tools. Two vaccines now being tested for safety could go into late phase trials in early 2015 and if results are positive they could be available to the affected populations by mid-next year.
First Diagnostic Test for Ebola Accepted by WHO
WHO has accepted the first Ebola in vitro diagnostic for procurement by United Nations and other partners to Ebola affected countries. The product, RealStar® Filovirus Screen RT-PCR Kit 1.0 manufactured by Altona Diagnostics GmbH, was assessed under an emergency quality assessment mechanism established by WHO to address the lack of Ebola tests, and to fast-track countries’ access to reliable testing options.
3 October 2014
A new report issued at the Health Systems Symposium in Cape Town builds a clear case for a strong focus on medicines as countries strive to achieve the goals of universal health coverage.
8 October 2014
Following extensive consultations involving the UK’s Thalidomide Trust, WHO and the Uppsala Monitoring Centre, experts have identified key actions to develop standardised criteria for diagnosis of birth defects due to thalidomide. Their findings and recommendations are published in a report released today.