Maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health

Child health

Improving paediatric quality of care at first-level referral hospitals

3 December 2015 -- Major gaps exist in many health facilities between evidence-based standards of care and the actual quality of services that are provided. In responding to this challenge, WHO has been working with countries to improve the quality of paediatric care in the district hospitals, building upon evidence and practical experiences. This report reflects the proceedings from a meeting held 27–28 July 2015 in Geneva, Switzerland, bringing together the 4 implementing countries, experts who provided support, WHO staff and the representatives from the Russian Federation as the donor.

Child mortality rates plunge by more than half since 1990 but global targets missed

Illustration about social determinants of health in India
WHO/D. Rodriguez

9 September 2015 -- Child mortality rates have plummeted to less than half of what they were in 1990, according to a new report released today. Under-five deaths have dropped from 12.7 million per year in 1990 to 5.9 million in 2015. New estimates in “Levels and trends in child mortality: report 2015,” released by UNICEF, WHO, the World Bank Group, and the Population Division of UNDESA, indicate that although the global progress has been substantial, 16 000 children under 5 still die every day.

Celebrating 25 years of the Convention on the Rights of the Child

Brazil dengue project: portrait of a young girl
WHO/TDR /Julio Takayama

On 20 November 1989, the United Nations (UN) General Assembly adopted a landmark – the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The Convention recognises that children are human beings and more than just ‘passive objects of care and charity’ who are entitled to the enjoyment of a distinct set of rights in accordance with their specific needs. The Convention on the Rights of the Child is the most widely and rapidly adopted international treaty of all time, with more than 190 member states having ratified it.

WHO publication wins top medical book of the year award

25 November 2014 -- The WHO Pocket book of hospital care for children has won the top prize in the British Medical Association book awards.

WHO published the first edition of the Pocket book of hospital care for children in 2005, after a study on the quality of hospital care for children in less-developed countries revealed a serious need for guidelines on specific illnesses. These guidelines focus on the major causes of childhood mortality.