Maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health

Child health

Pocket book of hospital care for children: Second edition

This is the second edition of the Pocket book of hospital care for children. It is for use by doctors, nurses and other health workers who are responsible for the care of young children at the first level referral hospitals. The Pocket Book is one of a series of documents and tools that support the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI). It is an update of the 2005 edition, and presents up-to-date evidence based clinical guidelines from several recently updated and published WHO guidelines and recommendations.

Recommendations for management of common childhood conditions

This publication provides a summary of evidence and assessment using the GRADE process, and recommendations on the management of common causes of childhood illnesses. The key areas covered include management of several common neonatal conditions, common causes of fever (acute and chronic otitis media, typhoid fever and meningitis); treatment of acute respiratory infections; treatment of dysentery; use of antibiotics in severe acute malnutrition; use and delivery of oxygen therapy in children; and supportive care.

12 000 fewer children perish daily in 2010 than in 1990 – UNICEF, WHO

A mother and her child embracing, laughing, Sudan
WHO/Yassir Abo Gadr

The number of children under five years of age dying each year declined from more than 12 million in 1990 to 7.6 million in 2010, UNICEF and WHO said today, releasing the latest estimates on worldwide child mortality. These new figures show that compared to 1990, around 12 000 more children’s lives are saved each day.

Manual on paediatric HIV care and treatment for district hospitals

HIV/AIDS affects the health and welfare of children and undermines hard-won gains in child survival in some of the highly-affected countries. The Manual on paediatric HIV care and treatment for district hospitals aims to help improve clinical skills among health workers in resource-limited settings. It is intended for use by doctors, middle-level practitioners such as clinical officers and senior nurses in the management of HIV-exposed and -infected infants and children at district hospital levels.