Maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health

Monitoring Visualization Tool for the Global Action Plan for Pneumonia and Diarrhoea (GAPPD)

This Monitoring Visualization Tool for the Global Action Plan for Pneumonia and Diarrhoea (GAPPD) presents data on 24 key indicators related to the protection, prevention and treatment of diarrhoea and pneumonia in children under five years of age and two indicators on mortality due to the two diseases. Through maps and graphs, this visualization tool enables users to monitor:

  • progress against GAPPD/SDG targets for 2025/2030/2040;
  • the availability, completeness and sources of data;
  • the distribution and trends of policy, coverage and health impact indicators.

The tool also enables access to country-specific profiles to see the progress made by 136 low- and middle-income countries in averting childhood diarrhoea and pneumonia deaths.

*This tool is best viewed using Firefox. Maps can be downloaded. Other downloading functions will be available shortly.

What is GAPPD?

In 2009, WHO and UNICEF launched the Global Action Plan for Pneumonia and Diarrhoea (GAPPD), which proposes a multi sectoral, integrated approach to reduce the incidence of severe pneumonia and diarrhoea, reduce the number of children under-five who are stunted, and end preventable childhood deaths from pneumonia and diarrhoea.

The action plan includes an integrated framework of key interventions proven to protect and effectively prevent and treat childhood pneumonia and diarrhea so that the two conditions are addressed in a coordinated manner.

Which indicators are presented?

This monitoring framework includes input indicators from the Global MNCAH Policy Indicators Survey - the existence of national policies to utilize community-based health providers for the management of diarrhoea and pneumonia; inclusion of Zinc tablets or syrup in national essential medicine (EML) list; paediatric formulation of amoxicillin and of co-trimoxazole in EML.

Outcome/coverage indicators are those listed in the GAPPD monitoring framework to reflect the Protect, Prevent and Treat nature of the action plan. These include 19 indicators. Finally, under-five cause-specific mortality due to pneumonia and diarrhoea are the impact indicators presented in this tool. The most recent information, from the year 2000 up to 2015 is presented for 136 low- and middle-income countries where available.

What are the GAPPD targets for the indicators monitored?

The targets monitored here are those set in the GAPPD recommendations. Of the 26 indicators monitored here, the following 16 have targets established:


Indicators Target Target Year
Pneumonia mortality among children less than 5 years of age 3 deaths per 1000 live births 2025
Diarrhoea mortality among children less than 5 years of age 1 death per 1000 live births 2025
Hib immunization coverage 90% 2025
Measles immunization coverage 90% 2025
DTP3 immunization coverage 90% 2025
PCV3 immunization coverage 90% 2025
Rotavirus immunization coverage 90% 2025
Exclusive breastfeeding of children aged 0-5 months 50% 2025
ORS treatment for diarrhoea 90% 2025
Care seeking for pneumonia 90% 2025
Antibiotic treatment for suspected pneumonia 90% 2025
Access to improved drinking water at household 90% 2030
Access to hygienic sanitation facility at household 90% 2040
Access to hand washing facilities at household 90% 2030
Access to clean and safe fuel used for cooking in the household 90% 2030

Download the data as spreadsheet