Maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health

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WHO toolkit for the care and support of people affected by complications associated with Zika virus

WHO/PAHO

June 2017 – The WHO Toolkit for the care and support of people affected by complications associated with Zika virus has been developed to serve as a model guide, with the goal of enhancing country preparedness for Zika virus outbreaks. The toolkit is intended to provide a systems approach involving public health planners and managers so that the necessary infrastructure and resources can be identified and incorporated as needed, as well as technical and practical guidance for health care professionals and community workers.

Reaching the every newborn national 2020 milestones: country progress, plans and moving forward

A mother smiles with her newborn.
Save the Children

This WHO and UNICEF report details the country leadership and actions that are taking forward the goals and recommendations set out in the Every Newborn Action Plan – an initiative contributing towards the goals of the Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health for Every Woman Every Child. In 2016, 51 countries completed the Every Newborn Tracking Tool, which tracks progress. This report presents the findings of the progress tracking tool, spotlights activities in a range of countries and exemplifies some of the partner efforts to support country progress.

Managing complications in pregnancy and childbirth: A guide for midwives and doctors

Health physician examining a pregnant woman in Cuba
WHO

June 2017 -- Since the first edition was published in 2000, Managing complications in pregnancy and childbirth has been translated into several languages and today is used widely in training for and the provision of emergency obstetric care. The new edition brings the guidance in the manual into line with WHO’s current recommendations for emergency obstetric and newborn care.

Global Accelerated Action for the Health of Adolescents (AA-HA!): guidance to support country implementation

More than 3000 adolescents die every day from largely preventable causes, according to a new report from WHO and partners. Global accelerated action for the health of adolescents (AA-HA!): Guidance to support country implementation – assists governments in what to do – as well as how to do it – as they respond to the health needs of adolescents in their countries. Case studies show that what is being recommended actually can be done. The full document with case studies, a summary document, a comic book, brochure and infographics are available.

Working with individuals, families and communities to improve maternal and newborn health: implementation toolkit

This toolkit was designed to support countries to integrate and operationalize key themes of empowerment and community engagement in maternal and newborn health programmes at the district level. It is also serves as a resource to support countries in planning, implementing, monitoring and evaluating health promotion interventions for maternal and newborn health. In addition to strengthening links between communities, local authorities, health services and other actors, the process outlined in the five modules will also contribute to strengthening links between the district, provincial and national levels of the health system.

Managing possible serious bacterial infection in young infants when referral is not feasible

To support the implementation of the guideline, Managing possible serious bacterial infection in young infants when referral is not feasible WHO, UNICEF and other partners developed a Joint Statement which summarizes a systematic process for managing sick young infants up to 59 days of age with possible serious bacterial infection in resource-limited settings. Infections are responsible for about one fifth of the world’s annual 2.7 million neonatal deaths. In South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa about one quarter of all neonatal deaths are due to infections. Many sick infants only have non-specific signs, and thus are not recognized to have infection. Even when the signs are detected, hospitalization and life-saving treatment may not be accessible, acceptable or affordable to families in settings with high newborn mortality.

Counting and reviewing every birth and death is key to preventing future tragedies

16 August 2016 -- Every day, women die during childbirth and babies are born stillborn. With quality health care throughout pregnancy and childbirth, many of these deaths could be prevented, but countries often lack the knowledge and capacity needed to take actions to stop other women and babies dying in the same way. To address this issue WHO is today launching two new tools to help countries improve their data on stillbirths and neonatal deaths as well as a report on the global status of implementation of maternal death surveillance and response (MDSR), a key strategy for reducing preventable maternal mortality.

Oxygen therapy for children

17 March 2016 -- Having effective systems for the detection and management of hypoxaemia are vital in reducing mortality from pneumonia and other severe acute illnesses. Oxygen therapy is essential to counter hypoxaemia and many a times is the difference between life and death. This manual focuses on the availability and clinical use of oxygen therapy in children in health facilities by providing the practical aspects for health workers, biomedical engineers, and administrators. It addresses the need for appropriate detection of hypoxaemia, use of pulse oximetry, clinical use of oxygen and delivery systems and monitoring of patients on oxygen therapy. In addition, the manual addresses practical use of pulse oximetry, and oxygen concentrators and cylinders in an effort to improve oxygen systems worldwide.

Improving paediatric quality of care at first-level referral hospitals

3 December 2015 -- Major gaps exist in many health facilities between evidence-based standards of care and the actual quality of services that are provided. In responding to this challenge, WHO has been working with countries to improve the quality of paediatric care in the district hospitals, building upon evidence and practical experiences. This report reflects the proceedings from a meeting held 27–28 July 2015 in Geneva, Switzerland, bringing together the 4 implementing countries, experts who provided support, WHO staff and the representatives from the Russian Federation as the donor.