A financial road map to scaling up essential child health interventions in 75 countries
WHO is publishing a series of papers to estimate the financial investments needed to scale up health interventions that support the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Separate papers report the costs for maternal health, child health, immunization, malaria, tuberculosis and HIV, with particular focus on the countries where the burden of disease is highest.
CAH undertook a study to assess the additional resources required to scale up delivery of priority interventions to reduce child mortality and morbidity in 75 countries. A costing model was developed to address the major causes of mortality among children under five, including malnutrition, pneumonia, diarrhoea, malaria and key newborn causes of death such as sepsis. Costs were estimated for each intervention, by country and year, based on WHO guidelines on case management and programme-specific investments.
The findings predict that at least an additional US$ 52.4 billion is required for the period 2006-2015 to reach universal coverage with priority interventions. While the results are approximate estimates, they show a substantial investment gap that low- and middle-income countries and their development partners need to bridge to reach MDG4.