The role of the health sector in strengthening systems to support children’s healthy development in communities affected by HIV/AIDS: A review
This WHO Review argues that the foundation of an effective and scaleable response to protecting the wellbeing of children must be based on functional systems of care - the family, community, as well as health, education and social services. A broad and strong response, emanating from and supported by the health sector has the potential to have a far greater impact on the psychosocial wellbeing of children than can be achieved with stand-alone psychosocial support programmes.
The review takes as its starting point, the consensual strategies outlined in the Framework for the Protection, Care and Support of Orphans and Vulnerable Children Living in a World with HIV and AIDS.
Access to services, including for health, is one of the five key strategies. Health services can assist vulnerable children and families, as well as provide the infrastructure, organizational capacity and integrative approaches needed to draw together the many efforts at the family and community level to respond to the hardships of children affected by HIV/AIDS, and their caregivers.