Malaria elimination

Two little girls from Sector Renovación community in El Salvador
Jim Stipe, Courtesy of Photoshare

Malaria elimination is the permanent interruption of local mosquito-borne malaria transmission in a defined geographical area, usually in a country. The path to malaria-free status is characterized by four distinct programmatic phases: control, pre-elimination, elimination and prevention of reintroduction. At present, 10 of the 97 countries with ongoing malaria transmission are classified by WHO as being in pre-elimination phase, and 9 countries are in malaria elimination phase. An additional 7 countries are in the prevention of re-introduction phase.

Overview of malaria elimination

Sustained political commitment, adequate resourcing and effective partnerships are all fundamental to the success of malaria elimination programmes.

Elimination case studies

The WHO Global Malaria Programme and the Global Health Group at the University of California are collaborating on a series of case studies on malaria elimination.

Prevention of reintroduction

Once malaria transmission is reduced to zero in an area, the objective of the ensuing phase is to prevent re-establishment of local malaria transmission.

Certification process

Certification of malaria elimination is the official recognition of malaria-free status granted by WHO.

Key documents

World Malaria Report 2014

This report summarizes information received from 97 malaria-endemic countries and other sources.

Contact us

Global Malaria Programme
World Health Organization
20 Avenue Appia
1211 Geneva 27
Tel: +41 22 791 2533
Fax: +41 22 791 4824