Certification of malaria elimination is the official recognition by WHO of a country’s malaria-free status. WHO grants this certification when a country has proven, beyond reasonable doubt, that the chain of local malaria transmission by Anopheles mosquitoes has been interrupted nationwide for at least three consecutive years.
The burden of proof falls on the country requesting certification. A national surveillance system capable of rapidly detecting and responding to local malaria transmission (if it were occurring) must be operational, together with an appropriate programme to prevent its re-establishment. The final decision on granting a certification of malaria elimination rests with the WHO Director-General.
Certification of malaria elimination is managed by the WHO Global Malaria Programme and involves field assessments and rounds of expert reviews. This process is voluntary and can be initiated only after a country has submitted an official request to WHO.
- From malaria control to malaria elimination: a manual for elimination scenario planning (2014)
- Malaria elimination: a field manual for low and moderate endemic countries (2007)