From city to national legislation: a case study of Liverpool’s smoke-free intervention

WHO smoke-free city case study

Publication details

Editors: WHO
Number of pages: 24
Publication date: 2011
Languages: English



The UK Parliament’s vote in favour of comprehensive smoke-free legislation in February 2006 effectively realised the ambitions of SmokeFree Liverpool to make workplaces in the city smoke-free. Three years earlier, Liverpool First for Health had set a strategic target for Liverpool to become a smoke-free city by 2008 - the year that the city would celebrate its status as European Capital of Culture.

In the UK, at that time, a series of events and initiatives were raising the public profile of the importance of reducing exposure to second-hand smoke. The Chief Medical Officer had highlighted the need to address exposure to second-hand smoke as a priority in his 2002 annual report1 and there were hard-hitting national advertising campaigns about the dangers of second-hand smoke. However, it was widely believed that national legislation to address exposure to second-hand smoke in the UK was further away.

This case study tells how Liverpool developed and implemented its smoke-free agenda, discusses the impact of its campaigns and identifies lessons learned.