City Emergency Preparedness: Assessment Status and Action Plan: Makati City, Metro Manila, Philippines
As part of its efforts to increase the capacities of cities to address the unique challenges posed by public health emergencies in urban areas, the World Health Organization (WHO), through its WHO Centre for Health Development (WHO Kobe Centre/WKC), the WHO Lyon Office for National Epidemic Preparedness and Response and the WHO HQ Emergency Risk Management and Humanitarian Response, undertook an assessment of the health emergency risk management capabilities of Makati City, Metro Manila, Philippines as a case study of a particular urban setting. The assessment used a new tool developed by WHO termed as the Draft Checklist for Guidance on Preparation for Health Crises in Cities.
The research project provided a case study to address the knowledge gap on the level of preparedness of cities to address specific challenges posed by the risk of health emergencies. Improving frontline efforts in urban communities regarding health emergency risk management was envisioned to go a long way in strengthening health systems in urban settings for any eventuality. It emanated from specific recommendations of WHO to “make urban areas resilient to emergencies and disasters” (one of “World Health Day 2010: Urban health matters” calls to action), generate scientific evidence on strengthening resilience of health systems, in this case, city health systems and actualize disaster risk management for health.