New WHO-Habitat Global Report on Urban Health: major opportunities for improving global health outcomes, despite persistent health inequities
New data on the health of city-dwellers in almost 100 countries show that as the world’s urban population continues to grow, health inequities - especially between the richest and poorest urban populations - are a persistent challenge, according to a report by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat).
For example, only half of households in urban areas of 91 countries with comparable data have access to piped water, with the richest 20% of households being 2.7 times more likely to have access to piped water than the poorest 20%. In Africa, this ratio is closer to 17 times.
About 3.7 billion people live in cities today. A further 1 billion people will be added by 2030, with 90% of the growth being in low- and middle-income countries. This intensifies the need to realize the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target of ensuring universal health coverage (UHC): that all people obtain the health services they need without suffering financial hardship when paying for them, by 2030.
The WHO Kobe Centre, along with the G7 Kobe Health Ministers' Meeting Promotion Committee and the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, Japan held an open, public Forum “Fight against Communicable Diseases -Thinking about Global Health Governance @ Kobe & Hyogo,” on 24 February 2016, from 18:00 to 19:30 at the Kobe International Conference Center.
About 250 people attended the Forum with participants from the Kobe City Diet, Kobe City, Hyogo Prefectural and other municipal governments, health professional and associations, students, and the public at large. Four speakers from the WHO Kobe Centre, Sierra Leone, and from WHO Geneva made presentations.
The WHO Kobe Centre, in partnership with the WHO Department of Ageing and Life Course, has released a new framework and guide for indicators for cities to assess age-friendliness: “Measuring the age-friendliness of cities: A guide to using core indicators” in English, Chinese, French and Spanish. The new WHO Guide is an important tool that aims to promote the practice of measurement and indicator assessments, globally.
There are a total of 16 indicators that are designed to assess the physical and social environment, such as access to transportation and social participation, as well as quality of life and equity. These indicators were developed based on international expert consultations, surveys of local government and community representatives and a pilot study with 15 communities from 12 countries.
One of those pilots, in Bilbao, Spain, highlights the usefulness of the Guide for planning and decision-making
The WHO Kobe Centre, along with the G7 Kobe Health Ministers' Meeting Promotion Committee and the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, is organizing an important open, public Forum “Fight against Communicable Diseases -Think about Global Health Governance @ Kobe & Hyogo,” on 24 February 2016, from 18:00 to 19:30 at the Kobe International Conference Center.
The world has learned a great deal from the Ebola – the largest and longest disease outbreak in history. Lessons from the Ebola outbreak are shaping a more strategic approach for strengthening health systems going forward – which is expected to be discussed at the G7 meetings this year.
In this Forum, experts from one Ebola affected country, Sierra Leone, and from WHO, will share their experiences and lessons followed by a Q&A session that will be open to all participants.
Measuring urban health
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Interventions on urban health
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Urban health emergencies
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