There is an urgent need to strengthen the evidence base with respect to how interventions reduce pollution and personal exposure, how this results in reduced respiratory disease (in particular in children and women), and what broader impacts interventions have on the household as a whole, for example in terms of reducing other health outcomes or freeing women’s and children’s time for studying or economic activities.
WHO supports the thorough evaluation of ongoing and planned intervention studies in developing countries. It is committed to building capacity among researchers and organizations active at the regional and national level to help them carry out high-quality exposure and health outcome assessment as part of their ongoing and planned projects.
Training workshop on methods to evaluate intervention studies
As a contribution to the Partnership for Clean Indoor Air, WHO is developing training materials and conducting a series of regional training workshops to facilitate and support the evaluation of intervention projects.
These 5-day workshops are an important step in building regional capacity in the area of household energy and indoor air pollution monitoring. The workshops aim to empower governmental and non-governmental agencies to evaluate the impact of their intervention projects on indoor air pollution levels, health and wellbeing, the socioeconomic situation of the household, and the local and global environment.
Specific workshop objectives include:
- To emphasize the importance of evaluation in undertaking household energy projects, and in reporting results to the local community, national policy-makers, donors and the international household energy community
- To provide participants with an overview of different aspects of evaluation in relation to household energy projects, including impacts on pollution levels, health, time activity, and environment
- To train participants in the use of questionnaires and monitoring equipment that will permit them to initiate evaluations of their own household energy intervention projects
- To discuss principles of study design, ethical considerations and implications for evaluating projects, and outline next steps in evaluating ongoing or planned intervention projects
The first regional workshop on indoor air pollution and household energy monitoring was held in Antigua, Guatemala, 2-6 May 2005. The second regional workshop was held in Kampala, Uganda, 13-17 June 2005. The third regional workshop was held in Colombo, Sri Lanka, 22–26 May 2006.
Key concepts and evaluation methods are summarized in the publication "Indoor air pollution and household energy monitoring: workshop resources".