Cost-effectiveness of interventions
Cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) is one tool that policy-makers, trying to make a choice between different health interventions, can use to assess which interventions provide the highest "value for money". CEA can thus help them choose the interventions and programmes which maximize health for the available resources. WHO-CHOICE (CHOosing Interventions that are Cost Effective) has developed the tools and methods for a generalized CEA.
These methods have been applied to three indoor air pollution intervention scenarios:
- providing the population with access to cleaner fuels (kerosene, liquid petroleum gas)
- providing the population with access to improved stoves
- providing part of the population with access to cleaner fuels and part of the population with improved stoves
Two major health outcomes associated with indoor air pollution are addressed, namely acute lower respiratory infections in young children under five years of age, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in adults. The results of this cost-effectiveness analysis are available on the website of WHO-CHOICE.
A summary article entitled The health benefits of interventions to reduce indoor air pollution from solid fuel use: a cost-effectiveness analysis was published in Energy for Sustainable Development, Volume 8, Number 3 in 2004.