Immunization policy and strategies
Successful national immunization programmes depend on up-to-date policies and effective strategies in order to achieve and sustain their goals. When EPI was established over 40 years ago, its focus was on vaccinating infants with a limited number of traditional vaccines. Today the vaccine world has changed dramatically.
The development and availability of many new vaccines targeting a variety of age groups, the emergence of new technologies, the increased public focus on vaccine safety issues, the enhanced procedures for regulation and approval of vaccines, the need to expand the immunization schedule with consideration of all age groups and specific at-risk populations, are all demanding increased attention.
Countries need to have strong mechanisms that enable informed decision-making about immunization priorities and the introduction of new programme strategies, vaccines and technologies.
- National Advisory Committees (NITAGs)
- Immunization Practices Advisory Committee (IPAC)
- Country Decision Making: Introducing a new vaccine
- Global Routine Immunization Strategies and Practices (GRISP)
Criteria to determine if a given vaccination is routine or supplemental dose
- Reaching Every District (RED)
- School-based immunization
- World Immunization Week
- Vaccination of health workers (see Summary Table 4)
Periodic Intensification of Routine Immunization (PIRI)