Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals

Linking with other interventions

Every year nearly 7 million children in low income countries die before they reach their fifth birthday. Almost two-thirds of these deaths are the result of infectious diseases -- malaria, pneumonia, diarrhoea, sepsis, measles, and AIDS --- that could be prevented through cost-effective, available interventions.

Each year immunization programmes reach about 80% of the world's children, as well as their mothers, through an estimated 500 million contacts - more than any other public health programme. Routine immunization services provide an efficient, sustainable channel for the distribution of other life saving interventions to those who are most vulnerable - young children and women.

Integration is one of the six guiding principles of the Global Vaccine Action Plan 2011-2020 (GVAP) which recognizes that that the achievement of immunization goals depends on strong immunization programmes that are closely coordinated and work in synergy with other primary health care delivery programmes. Strategic Objective #4 of GVAP (pages 50-57) further expands on the opportunity for immunization to serve as a delivery platform for other priority public health interventions.

This section includes information about interventions that have successfully been integrated during vaccination campaigns (vitamin A supplementation, anthelminthic (deworming) drugs, treated bed nets for malaria prevention, etc.) which will enable countries to make decisions about packages of interventions to be provided during outreach activities.

Vitamin A supplementation


Malaria Control and Immunization

Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI)

The integrated Global Action Plan for Pneumonia and Diarrhoea (GAPPD)


HIV Testing

Linking HIV testing with EPI services provides opportunities for early infant diagnosis of infected babies and to ensure that testing coincides with immunization.

Last reviewed: 10 August 2015