Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals

WHO-UNICEF guidelines for developing a comprehensive multi-year plan (cMYP)

cMYP Guidelines

This updated document provides guidance to countries to make national comprehensive multi-year strategic plans (cMYP) for immunization, using the Global Vaccine Action Plan (GVAP) 2011-2020 as a guiding framework. It provides a new approach to planning that can be summarized as follows:

  • Ensuring that the strategies in the plan are sufficiently comprehensive using the GVAP as a guide.
  • Better alignment of immunization and health sector strategies to strengthen ownership, solve shared problems and ensure maximum utilization of resources.
  • Planning by immunization system components rather than by disease or initiative.
  • Including costing and financing strategies for the immunization programme.
  • Ensuring active participation of relevant actors at all levels.
  • Equity in access to immunization services, and monitoring and accountability for the results have been entrenched into the document.

The document takes the reader through the process of planning with examples of each step for illustration and guidance. The seven steps for creating a comprehensive multi-year plan include: conducting situational analysis; setting national objectives and milestones; planning strategies and key activities by immunization system components; reviewing planned activities against GVAP activities; making an activity timeline and monitoring and evaluation framework; costing, financing and resource mobilization for the cMYP; then putting the cMYP into action through getting the necessary national level endorsements, developing an annual plan for the relevant year from MYP, integrating and consolidating activities for implementation. Additionally, there is guidance on summarizing the document into few pages to facilitate use for advocacy.


cMYP Costing and Financing Tool and User Guide

Strategic planning for immunization requires reliable information on the costs and financing of the programme and to help answer fundamental questions of : how much resources are needed to reach programme objectives, who will funding the needs and what are the shortfalls, and how to prioritize activities based on available funds. For this reason, estimating the costs and financing of a national immunization programme, is a key step in the development of a comprehensive Multi-Year Plan (cMYP) for immunization.

To help undertake the costing and financing of a cMYP a tool has been developed - the cMYP Costing and Financing Tool - that can be used to estimate the past costs and financing of immunization, and to make projections of future costs, future resources requirements, future financing needs to achieve programme objectives, and analyse the corresponding financing gaps. This tool is accompanied by a User Guide which provides an overview of important immunization costing and financing concepts, methodologies and definitions, as well as step-by-step instruction on how to use the costing and financing tool, including how to analyse the data and findings.

The first version of the cMYP Costing and Financing Tool was launched in December of 2005 (version 1.3). Since then several updated versions have been developed. The current version 3.8 is Multilanguage (English, French and Spanish) and includes features suggested over the years by users.

User guide


Version 3.8 (March 2015)

Tool warning: password protection

In order to protect the cMYP costing and financing tool from any damages the worksheets have been password protected.
If you experience difficulties downloading these materials or have specific queries, please contact us.