Alert, response, and capacity building under the International Health Regulations (IHR)

Assessment and plans

The International Health Regulations (2005) provide an international legal and operational framework for WHO Member States to better protect the health of their populations. The IHR (2005) specifically require all Member States to develop core capacities for surveillance, preparedness and response towards all public health threats. Countries should also have the capacity to rapidly share and access relevant information within the country and with the global community.

Upon request and in agreement with the Ministries of Health of Member States, WHO conducts assessment of IHR core capacities. This descriptive cross-sectional assessment assess the national disease surveillance and response systems and mechanisms in place for all public health risks and to identify gaps and opportunities in the IHR implementation process. Based on the results of this assessment, States Parties are expected to develop and implement plans of action to ensure that these capacities are present and functioning.

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