Alert, response, and capacity building under the International Health Regulations (IHR)

States Parties to the International Health Regulations (2005)

Entry into force: 15 June 2007
States Parties: 196

This page contains a list of States Parties to the International Health Regulations (2005) ("IHR 2005" or "Regulations"). As of 16 April 2013, 196 States are parties to the IHR (2005).

Pursuant to Article 22 of the Constitution of the World Health Organization and Articles 59 and 64 of the IHR (2005), the Regulations entered into force on 15 June 2007 for the 191 States that did not make reservations to them. By 8 August 2007, the Regulations entered into force for the two Member States of WHO that filed reservations to them.

In accordance with Article 62 of the IHR (2005), Member States of WHO have six months, from the date that reservations are notified to them by the Director-General, to submit any objections to the reservations. If objections from at least one-third of the Member States are not submitted within that time period, the IHR (2005) enter into force for the reserving Member States subject to the reservations. Two Member States formally submitted reservations under Article 62 of the IHR (2005). The required number of objections was not reached and the IHR (2005) entered into force for the reserving States.


State Party Date of entry into force
Afghanistan 15 June 2007
Albania 15 June 2007
Algeria 15 June 2007
Andorra 15 June 2007
Angola 15 June 2007
Antigua and Barbuda 15 June 2007
Argentina 15 June 2007
Armenia 15 June 2007
Australia 15 June 2007
Austria 15 June 2007
Azerbaijan 15 June 2007
Bahamas 15 June 2007
Bahrain 15 June 2007
Bangladesh 15 June 2007
Barbados 15 June 2007
Belarus 15 June 2007
Belgium 15 June 2007
Belize 15 June 2007
Benin 15 June 2007
Bhutan 15 June 2007
Bolivia 15 June 2007
Bosnia and Herzegovina 15 June 2007
Botswana 15 June 2007
Brazil 15 June 2007
Brunei Darussalam 15 June 2007
Bulgaria 15 June 2007
Burkina Faso 15 June 2007
Burundi 15 June 2007
Cambodia 15 June 2007
Cameroon 15 June 2007
Canada 15 June 2007
Cape Verde 15 June 2007
Central African Republic 15 June 2007
Chad 15 June 2007
Chile 15 June 2007
China * 15 June 2007
Colombia 15 June 2007
Comoros 15 June 2007
Congo 15 June 2007
Cook Islands 15 June 2007
Costa Rica 15 June 2007
Côte d'Ivoire 15 June 2007
Croatia 15 June 2007
Cuba 15 June 2007
Cyprus 15 June 2007
Czech Republic 15 June 2007
Democratic People's Republic of Korea 15 June 2007
Democratic Republic of the Congo 15 June 2007
Denmark 15 June 2007
Djibouti 15 June 2007
Dominica 15 June 2007
Dominican Republic 15 June 2007
Ecuador 15 June 2007
Egypt 15 June 2007
El Salvador 15 June 2007
Equatorial Guinea 15 June 2007
Eritrea 15 June 2007
Estonia 15 June 2007
Ethiopia 15 June 2007
Fiji 15 June 2007
Finland 15 June 2007
France 15 June 2007
Gabon 15 June 2007
Gambia 15 June 2007
Georgia 15 June 2007
Germany 15 June 2007
Ghana 15 June 2007
Greece * 15 June 2007
Grenada 15 June 2007
Guatemala 15 June 2007
Guinea 15 June 2007
Guinea-Bissau 15 June 2007
Guyana 15 June 2007
Haiti 15 June 2007
Holy See 15 June 2007
Honduras 15 June 2007
Hungary 15 June 2007
Iceland 15 June 2007
India * 08 August 2007
Indonesia 15 June 2007
Iran (Islamic Republic of) * 15 June 2007
Iraq 15 June 2007
Ireland 15 June 2007
Israel 15 June 2007
Italy 15 June 2007
Jamaica 15 June 2007
Japan 15 June 2007
Jordan 15 June 2007
Kazakhstan 15 June 2007
Kenya 15 June 2007
Kiribati 15 June 2007
Kuwait 15 June 2007
Kyrgyzstan 15 June 2007
Lao People's Democratic Republic 15 June 2007
Latvia 15 June 2007
Lebanon 15 June 2007
Lesotho 15 June 2007
Liberia 15 June 2007
Libya 15 June 2007
Liechtenstein 28 March 2012
Lithuania 15 June 2007
Luxembourg 15 June 2007
Madagascar 15 June 2007
Malawi 15 June 2007
Malaysia 15 June 2007
Maldives 15 June 2007
Mali 15 June 2007
Malta 15 June 2007
Marshall Islands 15 June 2007
Mauritania 15 June 2007
Mauritius 15 June 2007
Mexico 15 June 2007
Micronesia (Federated States of) 15 June 2007
Monaco 15 June 2007
Mongolia 15 June 2007
Montenegro 05 February 2008
Morocco 15 June 2007
Mozambique 15 June 2007
Myanmar 15 June 2007
Namibia 15 June 2007
Nauru 15 June 2007
Nepal 15 June 2007
Netherlands 15 June 2007
New Zealand 15 June 2007
Nicaragua 15 June 2007
Niger 15 June 2007
Nigeria 15 June 2007
Niue 15 June 2007
Norway 15 June 2007
Oman 15 June 2007
Pakistan 15 June 2007
Palau 15 June 2007
Panama 15 June 2007
Papua New Guinea 15 June 2007
Paraguay 15 June 2007
Peru 15 June 2007
Philippines 15 June 2007
Poland 15 June 2007
Portugal * 15 June 2007
Qatar 15 June 2007
Republic of Korea 15 June 2007
Republic of Moldova 15 June 2007
Romania 15 June 2007
Russian Federation 15 June 2007
Rwanda 15 June 2007
Saint Kitts and Nevis 15 June 2007
Saint Lucia 15 June 2007
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 15 June 2007
Samoa 15 June 2007
San Marino 15 June 2007
Sao Tome and Principe 15 June 2007
Saudi Arabia 15 June 2007
Senegal 15 June 2007
Serbia 15 June 2007
Seychelles 15 June 2007
Sierra Leone 15 June 2007
Singapore 15 June 2007
Slovakia 15 June 2007
Slovenia 15 June 2007
Solomon Islands 15 June 2007
Somalia 15 June 2007
South Africa 15 June 2007
South Sudan 16 April 2013
Spain 15 June 2007
Sri Lanka 15 June 2007
Sudan 15 June 2007
Suriname 15 June 2007
Swaziland 15 June 2007
Sweden 15 June 2007
Switzerland 15 June 2007
Syrian Arab Republic 15 June 2007
Tajikistan 15 June 2007
Thailand 15 June 2007
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 15 June 2007
Timor-Leste 15 June 2007
Togo 15 June 2007
Tonga * 15 June 2007
Trinidad and Tobago 15 June 2007
Tunisia 15 June 2007
Turkey * 15 June 2007
Turkmenistan 15 June 2007
Tuvalu 15 June 2007
Uganda 15 June 2007
Ukraine 15 June 2007
United Arab Emirates 15 June 2007
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 15 June 2007
United Republic of Tanzania 15 June 2007
United States of America * 18 July 2007
Uruguay 15 June 2007
Uzbekistan 15 June 2007
Vanuatu 15 June 2007
Venezuela ( Bolivarian Republic of) 15 June 2007
Viet Nam 15 June 2007
Yemen 15 June 2007
Zambia 15 June 2007
Zimbabwe 15 June 2007
* Indicates that a State Party has submitted, to the Director-General of WHO, documentation related to the International Health Regulations (2005), which has been circulated by the Director-General to all Member States of WHO as well as to other States eligible to become Parties to the Regulations pursuant to Article 64 thereof.

This page also contains references and links to the text of reservations, objections and declarations submitted by States Parties in connection with their implementation of the IHR (2005).

I - Reservations and understandings

  • India
    pdf, 43kb

    Letter to WHO dated 14 December 2006 from the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare of the Government of India.
  • United States of America
    pdf, 92kb

    Note Verbale to WHO dated 13 December 2006 from the Permanent Mission of the United States of America to the United Nations Office and other International Organizations in Geneva.

II - Objections to reservations and understandings

  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    pdf, 111kb

    Note Verbale to WHO dated 20 April 2007 from the Permanent Mission of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the United Nations Office and other International Organizations in Geneva.

III - Declarations

  • China
    pdf, 137kb

    Note Verbale to WHO (in Chinese, with translation provided) dated 12 May 2007 from the Permanent Mission of the People's Republic of China to the United Nations Office at Geneva and other International Organizations in Switzerland.
  • Greece
    pdf, 209kb

    Notes Verbales to WHO dated 24 January 2007 and 16 April 2007 from the Permanent Mission of Greece to the United Nations Office and other International Organizations in Geneva.
  • Portugal
    pdf, 210kb

    Letter to WHO dated 13 July 2007 from the Permanent Mission of the Republic of Portugal to the United Nations Office and other International Organizations in Geneva with reference to the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.
  • Turkey
    pdf, 309kb

    Notes Verbales to WHO dated 14 December 2006, 1 March 2007 and 18 May 2007 from the Permanent Mission of the Republic of Turkey to the United Nations Office at Geneva and other International Organizations in Switzerland.

IV - Declaration under Article 59, paragraph 3 of IHR (2005)

  • Tonga
    pdf, 74kb

    Note Verbale to WHO dated 12 December 2006 from the Ministry of Health of the Kingdom of Tonga.

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