Alert, response, and capacity building under the International Health Regulations (IHR)

Specific risks

The control or containment of known risks to public health is one of the most powerful ways to improve international public health security since these threats constitute the vast majority of events with a potential to cause public health emergencies which fall within the scope of the International Health Regulations (2005). Existing disease control programmes which address infectious diseases as well as food and environmental safety contribute significantly to WHO's global alert and response system, in addition to being a driving force behind core public health capacity strengthening in countries.

WHO programmes addressing diseases with serious public health impact for which a single case, irrespective of context, requires immediate notification to WHO (see IHR Annex 2):

WHO programmes addressing diseases that have demonstrated the ability to cause serious health impact and to spread rapidly across borders:

WHO programmes addressing other diseases of epidemic potential: