Sex workers, their clients and regular partners are key populations at risk for HIV infection. Contextual factors such as stigma and poverty may further exacerbate sex workers' vulnerability to HIV.
Interventions aimed at empowering sex workers and providing them with HIV prevention, treatment and care, and support services have proven effective in a wide range of formal and informal sex work settings.
Sex workers should be proactively involved in programme design and delivery. The needs and vulnerabilities of sex workers should be considered. Legal and social frameworks, consistent with human rights principles, are also needed.