Prisons and other closed settings
Prisons are key points of contact with millions of individuals living with or at risk of HIV. Globally, an estimated 9 million people are incarcerated per year. Prisons form high risk settings due to:
- Higher rates of HIV in prisons than in the community
- High prevalence of risk behaviours such as injecting drug use, sharing of injecting equipment and unprotected sexual activity
- Documented cases of HIV outbreaks in prisons
- High turnover of populations.