Treatment of children living with HIV

An estimated 3.4 million children were living with HIV at the end of 2011, 91% of them in sub-Saharan Africa. Most of these children acquire HIV from their HIV-infected mothers during pregnancy, birth or breastfeeding. With efficacious interventions the risk of mother-to-child HIV transmission can be reduced to 2%. However, such interventions are still not widely accessible or available in most resource-limited countries where the burden of HIV is highest. The number of children receiving ART increased from about 456 000 in 2010 to 562 000 in 2011, but this represents coverage rate of only 28% among children in need of paediatric ART.

WHO develops normative guidance for use by policymakers and programme managers and provides support for governments and national stakeholders in developing and implementing HIV prevention, testing, care and treatment services for children.